Co-sponsored by Confucius Institute
Along with the economic reforms, rapid urbanization, and the growth of a free land market, Chinese cities witness the emergence of new forms neighborhood poverty and increasing residential segregation by social class, migration status, and housing tenure. But little is known about the consequences of this growing social-spatial inequality for children’s well-being in China. Using nationwide survey data from the China Family Panel Studies, my research examines the effect of neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) on children’s academic performance, health, and attitudes and explores the mechanisms through which neighborhood environment affects children. The results show that neighborhood SES is positively associated with children’s test scores, self-rated health, nutritional status, and meritocratic beliefs after accounting for myriad individual and family characteristics. The neighborhood effects on academic performance are partly transmitted through the quantity and types of neighborhood institutions, collective socialization, and parenting behavior. The effect of neighborhood SES on children’s health and nutrition are conditioned by family economic resources and parental involvement.
Lunch will be provided.